A Study Of Colossians 2:1-5

A Study Of Colossians 2:1-5

A Study of Colossians 2:1-5 covers Paul’s struggle to encourage hearts, assurance in treasures of wisdom and knowledge, deceptive plausible arguments, and the firmness of faith.

A Study Of Colossians 2:1-5. Paul’s struggle to encourage hearts

V. Know how great a struggle I have for you

Paul hadn’t been to the Colossian church, and yet he struggled for them. The Greek word for “struggle” is agṓn, from which we get “agony” and it means contest and conflict. It’s a version of the Greek word agōnizŏmai, translated “struggling” in 1:29. It means to compete for a prize and contend with an adversary as in an athletic competition.

Of course, Paul is in prison and limited in physical movement. So his struggle is most likely in fervent prayer although that too can physically and emotionally drain you. Consider how Jesus struggled in prayer the night before his crucifixion. Even though Paul could not physically minister to the Colossians, he labored in prayerful concern for their spiritual well-being.

V.2 That their hearts may be encouraged, being knit together in love

The Greek word for “encouraged” is parakalĕō, which means to call near. It presents the idea of encouragement, comfort, and exhortation. The words “knit together” come from the Greek word sumbibazō, which means to unite and drive together. In effect, when the church is united in loving relationships, it encourages and strengthens the body of believers against outside, disrupting influences.

A Study Of Colossians 2:1-5. Full assurance in treasures of wisdom and knowledge

To reach all the riches of full assurance of understanding and the knowledge of God’s mystery, which is Christ

“Full assurance” is the Greek word plērŏphŏria, which means entire confidence. “Understanding” is the Greek word sunĕsis, and means intelligence and mentally putting together. And “knowledge” is the Greek word ĕpignōsis, which means recognition, acknowledgment, and full disclosure.

Together, they describe a process of thoughtfully studying scripture to better know and understand it. Why? Because we aren’t expected to accept Biblical truth on mere speculation. Instead, we should read it, meditate on it, and prayerfully apply it to our lives.

And the full disclosure of God’s mystery is in Christ. So no further enlightenment is required. Therefore, we only need to grow in knowing Jesus better.

V.3 In whom are hidden all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge

The Greek word for “treasures” is thēsaurŏs, and means a deposit of wealth. “Wisdom” is the Greek sŏphia, which means higher or lower worldly or spiritual wisdom. And “knowledge” is gnōsis, which means knowledge and science. In other words, Jesus is the complete source of spiritual wisdom and maturity. We grow in that spiritual wisdom and maturity as we seek to know and follow him in discipleship.


  • Are you part of a strong community of believers? Need to make an adjustment? If so, what should it look like?
  • If Jesus is the treasure chest of wisdom and knowledge are you a full-time treasure hunter, part-time pursuer, or seldom seeker?

A Study Of Colossians 2:1-5. Deceptive plausible arguments but the firmness of Faith in Christ

V.4 That no one may delude you with plausible arguments

“Plausible argument” is the Greek word pithanŏlŏgia, which means persuasive language and enticing words. In other words, teachings with a ring of truth that stray from the Gospel. It is Satan’s most common strategy. Rather than leaps away from Biblical truth he takes small steps. One after another. Like a slow fade. The gentle drift on an undercurrent of falsehood that leads you far from the truth. Which is Jesus Christ.

V.5 Rejoicing to see your good order and the firmness of your faith in Christ.

The Greek word for “good order” is the Greek taxis, which means regular arrangement, fixed succession of rank or character, and official dignity. “Firmness” is stĕrĕōma, and means something established, confirmed, and stable. “Faith” is the Greek word pistis, and means credence and conviction of religious truth.

“Order” and “firmness” suggest a military image. Like soldiers presented for inspection. Paul uses a similar analogy when he describes putting on the amor of God in Ephesians 6:10-20. The idea is that Christ-followers should prepare for spiritual battle because our faith is attacked from many sides. And stealth by way of persuasive arguments is one of the enemy’s most effective strategies. Our best defense is to hold fast to Jesus Christ.


  • What plausible arguments have you confronted in your faith journey? Describe how you navigated them.
  • How firm is your faith right now on a scale of one to ten? What things are causing doubt?

Chip Tudor is an author, blogger and professional writer. He publishes books, humorous Christian drama, and thought provoking blogs from a Christian worldview.

Looking for a Bible Study for yourself or small group?

Check out Philippians Bible Study For Individuals and Groups.

A Study Of Colossians 2:1-5

A Study of Colossians 1:21-29

A Study of Colossians 1:21-29 discusses reconciliation, presented as holy and blameless, from adversary to advancing the Gospel, and the mission of discipleship.

A Study of Colossians 1:21-29. Reconciled and presented as holy and blameless

V.21 And you, who once were alienated and hostile in mind, doing evil deeds…

The Greek word for “alienated” is apallŏtriŏō, which means alien and estranged. “Hostile” is the Greek word ĕchthrŏs, which also means hateful and represents an enemy and adversary. And “mind” is the Greek word dianŏia, which indicates thought, understanding, and disposition.

In other words, as sinful, unbelievers, the Colossians opposed God in both their thinking and moral actions. And the same is true today.

But people who follow Jesus align their thinking and moral actions to obey God’s will.

V.22 He has now reconciled in his body of flesh by his death, in order to present you holy and blameless and above reproach before him…

The word “reconciled” is apŏkatallassō, the same Greek word used in V.20, and Paul applies it to every Christ-follower. Reconciliation is initiated by God and can’t be earned through good behavior, but was paid for by Jesus’ sacrificial death. Paul confirms this in other writings.

For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God. (ESV, 2 Corinthians 5:21)

Not having a righteousness of my own that comes from the law, but that which comes through faith in Christ, the righteousness from God that depends on faith— (ESV, Philippians 3:9)

V.23 If indeed you continue in the faith, stable and steadfast, not shifting from the hope of the gospel that you heard…

However, there is a condition. An “if.” It’s not a qualification for salvation, but a mark of discipleship. Christ-followers are expected to persevere in their faith. It is not a one and done. Simply receive Christ for an entrance pass into heaven and then live as you please. But rather, following Jesus is a life long commitment to imitating his example of sacrifice and pursuing a life that pleases God.

A Study of Colossians 1:21-29. From adversary to advancing the Gospel

V.24 I rejoice in my sufferings for your sake, and in my flesh I am filling up what is lacking in Christ’s afflictions for the sake of his body, that is, the church,

Paul went from church persecutor to Gospel missionary. He was in prison as he wrote this letter and says he’s glad to suffer for their sake and for the body of Christ–the church. Nor is this the only time he ever suffered. He faced other hardships described in 2 Corinthians 11:22-28.

Furthermore, God foretold Paul’s suffering when speaking to Ananias in Acts 9:16.  I will show him how much he must suffer for the sake of my name.

But what affliction does Jesus lack? His meaning is confusing at first glance. Scholars suggest, he probably doesn’t mean a lack in Jesus’ own suffering, but a lack of Jesus’ suffering in him. In other words, he sees himself as sharing in Christ’s sufferings.

V.25 To make the word of God fully known.

Paul was a prolific, New Testament writer, and global ambassador for the Gospel. His three missionary journeys recorded in Acts went through what is today Greece, Turkey and Syria. It’s estimated he travelled more than 10,000 miles and started at least 14 churches.

A Study of Colossians 1:21-29. The mission in making disciples.

V.27 To them God chose to make known how great among the Gentiles are the riches of the glory of this mystery, which is Christ in you, the hope of glory

The mystery Paul speaks of is not a detective crime novel, or a spiritual enigma understood by the religious elite. But rather, the person, Jesus Christ. And Christ in you could also be taken as Christ among you. In both however, he works in ways beyond our comprehension. Furthermore, prior to Jesus, the Jewish religion generally excluded Gentiles. But now, Jews and Gentiles can respond to Jesus.

The Greek word for “hope” is ĕlpis, and is more than wishful thinking. It includes a sense of confidence and expectation. And the Greek word for “glory” is dŏxa, which includes the ideas of honor, praise, and worship and indicates the promise of eternal life.

V.28 Teaching everyone with all wisdom, that we may present everyone mature in Christ.

Paul’s goal is to present everyone mature in Christ, which is the goal of discipleship. But does this mean absolute perfection?

The Greek word for “present” is paristēmi, which means to stand beside, exhibit, and recommend. Like Paul stands by their side and presents them to God. And tĕlĕiŏs, is the Greek word for “mature” and means complete in spiritual growth and moral character. So we are not expected to reach perfection, but continue growing in spiritual maturity.

Chip Tudor is an author, blogger and professional writer. He publishes books, humorous Christian drama, and thought provoking blogs from a Christian worldview.

Looking for a Bible Study for yourself or small group?

Check out Philippians Bible Study For Individuals and Groups.

A Study Of Colossians 2:1-5

A Study of Colossians 1:15-20

A Study of Colossians 1:15-20 considers Jesus as the divine creator, head of the church, and source of reconciliation and peace.

Paul addresses a false teaching that adds extra teachings and religious practices to the gospel message. In effect, it lowered the importance of Christ and Paul refutes it by emphasizing the supremacy of Christ.

A Study of Colossians 1:15-20. Jesus is the divine creator

V.15 He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation.

Who is Jesus Christ? The answer is vigorously debated today, but Paul provides a clear and confident answer.

The Greek word for “image” is ĕikōn, which means likeness and representation. And it’s used in two ways. The first is likeness as in a mirror reflection and the second is manifestation to mean God is perfectly revealed in Jesus. In Philippians 2:6, Paul says Jesus was “in the form of God.” And Greek word for “form” is morphe, which indicates God’s essence.

In short, Paul says Jesus Christ was fully God and man.

The Greek word for “firstborn” is prōtŏtŏkŏs and can mean first in time or supremacy in rank. In Jewish tradition, the firstborn son was both a position of honor and extra responsibility. And since Jesus was supreme in his divinity, first in time and supremacy in rank both apply to him.

V.16 For by him all things were created, in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible

As one of the Trinity, Jesus created both the physical and spiritual worlds. Why does this matter? Because part of the Colossian heresy included errant teaching concerning the angelic world. So Paul makes it clear Jesus is not equal to the angelic world but God who reigns over it.

V.17 He is before all things, and in him all things hold together.

Jesus is both supreme and sovereign, The words “hold together” are from the Greek word synístēmi which means putting together or composed of. In other words, God didn’t create the universe then sit back to relax as a spectator. He actively holds the universe together and works to accomplish his divine purpose.

A Study of Colossians 1:15-20. Jesus is the head of the church

V.18 And he is the head of the body, the church.

The church is not simply a building or an organization. It is a body of believers united by the spirit of Christ. The Greek word for “church” is ĕkklēsia, and means a calling out. It communicates a sense of unified purpose and mission. The church is not a holy huddle or religious social group, but works to accomplish God’s purpose. As the head, Jesus spiritually leads it to carry out that mission.

He is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead, that in everything he might be preeminent

At the resurrection, Jesus defeated the power of sin. Those who compose the church follow by confessing and repenting of sin and are reborn through him. The Greek word for “preeminent” is prōtĕuō, which means first in rank or influence. It further reinforces the supremacy of Christ.

A study of Colossians 1:15-20. Jesus is the source of reconciliation and peace

V.19 For in him all the fullness of God was pleased to dwell…

The Greek word for “fullness” is plērōma, and means completeness. It confirms that God’s full divine being is completely present in Jesus. And the Greek word for “dwell” is katŏikĕō, which means permanent residence. Jesus was fully God all the time and not just on weekends.

V. 20 And through him to reconcile to himself all things, whether on earth or in heaven, making peace by the blood of his cross.

Why do we need reconciliation? Because sin separates us from God. As Paul writes in Romans 3:23: For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God.

The Greek word for “reconcile” is apokatallássō and presents the idea of changing from enmity to friendship. What we as sinners can’t change, God does through Jesus Christ.

The Greek word for “peace” is eirēnopoiéō and is the counterpart to shālôm. the Hebrew word for “peace.” Shālôm goes beyond the idea of peace as a lack of conflict and presents the idea of a right relationship with God. In other words, Jesus’ blood sacrifice on the cross puts us in a right relationship with God and makes us his friends.

Chip Tudor is an author, blogger and professional writer. He publishes books, humorous Christian drama, and thought provoking blogs from a Christian worldview.

Looking for a Bible Study for yourself or small group?

Check out Philippians Bible Study For Individuals and Groups.

A Study Of Colossians 2:1-5

A Study of Colossians 1:10-14

A Study of Colossians 1:10-14. This study addresses the results of a Godly lifestyle, how you’re strengthened and qualified by God, and you’re delivered, redeemed, and forgiven.

A Study of Colossians 1:10-14. The results of a Godly lifestyle

Christ-followers are not perfect because we still sin. And yet, the life of a Christ-follower should be distinctly separate from the culture. Paul prayed in V.9 for the Colossian church to know God’s will in all spiritual wisdom and understanding. And he explains why in V.10.

V.10 So as to walk in a manner worthy of the Lord…

The Greek word for “walk” is pĕripatĕō and literally means to walk around. But it’s used figuratively here to mean personal conduct. In other words, living a Godly lifestyle. And it starts by seeking to know and understand God’s will.

Paul lists three results of knowing and understanding God’s will.

  • Fully pleasing to him
  • Bearing fruit in every good work
  • Increasing in the knowledge of God

The desire to please God is our motive for Godly living. And bearing fruit in good works is not to earn God’s favor, but express our devotion to him. Also, notice that Paul talks about knowing God’s will in V.9 and increasing in the knowledge of God in V.10. The Greek word for “increasing” is auxanō, and is also translated “growing.” It’s used in present tense which suggests a continual growth process.


  • How well are you pleasing God? Write down both your successes and failures.
  • Has your knowledge of God increased? If so, describe how. If not, how might knowing God better impact your life?
  • How does pleasing God, bearing fruit, and increased knowledge of God work together to foster spiritual growth?

A Study of Colossians 1:10-14 Strengthened and qualified by God

V.11 Strengthened with all power according to his glorious might…

The Greek word for “strengthened” is dunamŏō, and is the same word Paul uses in Philippians 4:13.

I can do everything through him who gives me strength.

We can’t live a Godly lifestyle in our own strength, but must lean on God’s strength. Studying God’s word, prayer, and accountability with other believers play an important role in this. And God doesn’t dispense strength in small doses to cover each need, but gives generously from his great supply. Jesus calls us to an abundant life (John 10:10) and God provides abundant resources.

For all endurance and patience with joy…

The Christian life doesn’t exclude suffering, but it’s something we endure with joy. This is described in James 1:2-3.

Count it all joy, my brothers, when you meet trials of various kinds, for you know that the testing of your faith produces steadfastness.

Of course, James does not say to welcome or celebrate suffering. But that joy sustains us because of our confident hope in a future where all suffering ends. And that hope helps us endure it, not deliver us from it.

Giving thanks to the Father who has qualified you to share in the inheritance of the saints in light.

The Greek word for “qualified” is hikanŏo and means to enable as in to make competent or sufficient. The word tense suggests it’s an immediate event. So when a person commits their life to Jesus, they immediately become a saint and qualified to share in an eternal inheritance.

A Study of Colossians 1:10-14 Delivered, redeemed and forgiven

V.12 He has delivered us from the domain of darkness and transferred us to the kingdom of his beloved Son…

Israel’s deliverance from Egyptian bondage is a major theme in the Old Testament. And darkness and light a common theme in the New Testament. In other words, there is both physical and spiritual bondage.

Jesus claimed to be the light in John 8:12 and called people to follow him.

Again Jesus spoke to them, saying, “I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will not walk in darkness, but will have the light of life.”

Paul assures the Colossian church that since they’re following Jesus, they’re no longer in the domain of darkness but the kingdom of light.

In whom we have redemption, the forgiveness of sins.

The same is true for us. Through the power of Jesus Christ we are delivered from spiritual bondage, redeemed, and forgiven. No extra teaching improves this Gospel message. And no other qualifications or conditions are required.


  • Describe how God strengthened you in a particular situation. Where else do you need his strength today?
  • Even believers can suffer physical or spiritual bondage. Is there an area where you’re currently struggling? Pray to Jesus for guidance on where to find deliverance.
  • If you’ve given your life to Christ then you’re redeemed and forgiven. Take a moment to thank and praise him.

Chip Tudor is an author, blogger and professional writer. He publishes books, humorous Christian drama, and thought provoking blogs from a Christian worldview.

Looking for a Bible Study for yourself or small group?

Check out Philippians Bible Study For Individuals and Groups.

A Study Of Colossians 2:1-5

A Study of Colossians 1:5b-9

A Study of Colossians 1:5b-9. Today’s study includes returning to the fundamentals, hearing and responding to the Gospel message, the importance of prayer, God’s will, and spiritual wisdom and understanding.

A Study of Colossians 1:5b-9 Returning to the Fundamentals

V.5b You have heard before in the word of the truth, the gospel…

Every sport involves teaching the fundamentals. They are drilled into every player. And often, when teams suffer losing seasons, the coach returns to those fundamentals.

The Greek word for “gospel” is evangelion which means good news. It is the fundamental message of truth for the Christian faith. Everything in the Old Testament builds up to it. And everything in the New Testament builds upon it. Paul encourages the Colossian church to return to that fundamental and measure the truth of every new teaching against it.

We’re given the same charge today although we now have the entire Bible as our source of authority.

New philosophies, doctrines, and religious ideas surround us. So how do we recognize what is counterfeit? By knowing what is genuine. Therefore, we should not simply accept every sermon preached, Bible study taught, or media presentation as truth. But examine them through the lens of scripture.

V.6 Which has come to you, as indeed In the whole world it is bearing fruit and increasing as it does among you…

The gospel message has transforming power. And people who respond to it by following Jesus Christ are changed from the inside out. Paul supports this in 2 Corinthians 5:17.

Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation. The old has passed away; behold, the new has come.

Paul affirms the Colossian church for demonstrating evidence the Gospel is at work among them. And he uses the metaphor of bearing fruit to communicate that the Gospel message continues to produce new believers as it spreads throughout world and people respond to it.

And it’s a good reminder for us. Because sometimes our spiritual tunnel vision doesn’t see beyond our local church. But here we’re reminded that the universal church reaches far beyond those walls.


  • What additions do you see to fundamental truths of scripture today?
  • How do you respond and based on what scripture?
  • Describe some spiritual fruit you’ve seen produced from Gospel transformation.
  • How was the Gospel presented to you? Describe the transformation that took place in your life.

A Study of Colossians 1:5b-9 Hearing and responding to the Gospel message.

V.6 Since the day you heard it and understood…

The Greek word for “understood” is ĕpiginōskō, and means to acknowledge, become fully acquainted with, and perceive. It indicates that people don’t always immediately and emotionally respond to the Gospel message. But rather, carefully consider and rationally think about it before reaching a conclusion. But then, everyone must decide to either reject or accept the Gospel and move forward by an act of faith.

The grace of God in truth

Religious practices are a work-based tendency that dilute the Gospel message of grace.

Among other things, part of the false teaching Paul addressed included an observance of Jewish practices. Paul counters by emphasizing the Gospel is based solely on God’s grace.

Of course, people also push the message of grace too far in the other direction to the point of license. And Paul addresses that as well in 1 Corinthians 6:12.

All things are lawful for me, but not all things are helpful. All things are lawful for me, but I will not be dominated by anything.

V.7 Just as you heard from Epaphras our beloved fellow servant. He is a faithful minister…

The Gospel didn’t miraculously appear to the Colossian church on a tablet dropped from heaven. Epaphras shared it with them. The Greek word for “minister” is diákonos and also translated deacon. In other words, Epaphras was a layman in the church who lived out Jesus’ instruction to “go and make disciples.” He’s an example that every Christ-follower has received the same instruction.

A Study of Colossians 1:5b-9 The importance of prayer, God’s will, spiritual wisdom and understanding

V.9 We have not ceased to pray for you asking that you may be filled with the knowledge of his will in all spiritual wisdom and understanding

The Christian life is not practiced in isolation but in community. And Paul demonstrates it includes praying for one another. The fact that he has “not ceased to pray” indicates it’s part of his regular routine. And his intercession for the Colossian church is a regular prayer concern. We should practice the same regular prayer pattern and concern for others in our lives too.

The Greek word for “knowledge” is ĕpiginōskō, the same word used for “understand” in v.6. The Greek word for “wisdom” is sophia and the word for “understanding” is synesis, which conveys the idea of discernment and self-awareness. They all point to the fact that the Christian life requires, thoughtful and intelligent consideration around the truth of God’s word, in seeking His will, and involve a lot of prayer.


  • What are some things you’ve seen added on to the message of grace? What impact have they had?
  • What is your prayer routine like? How often do you pray and how much does it include praying for others?
  • Consider what Paul said about knowledge, spiritual wisdom and understanding. How do you differentiate and apply them in your own walk with Christ?

Chip Tudor is an author, blogger and professional writer. He publishes books, humorous Christian drama, and thought provoking blogs from a Christian worldview.

Looking for a Bible Study for yourself or small group?

Check out Philippians Bible Study For Individuals and Groups.